In this chapter unless the context otherwise requires:
“Approved” means reviewed by the appropriate department at the Town in accordance with all applicable local, State and Federal regulations and deemed in conformance by the appropriate department at the Town.
“Backflow” means the reversal of the normal flow of water caused by either backpressure or backsiphonage.
“Backflow preventer” means an approved assembly or means designed to prevent the reversal of the normal flow of water caused by either backpressure or backsiphonage.
“Commercial provision” means an agreement between the Town of Clarkdale and a commercial customer where compliance with the demand reduction strategy may cause unreasonable economic hardship. Requests for provision shall be in written form to include the nature of the business and the economic impact the provision will cause. The Utilities Director will consider the provision on a case-by-case basis. Under Demand Reduction Strategy III, new commercial provisions may only be considered by the Town Council.
“Contracted operator” means any person, company, or organization under legal contract with the Town of Clarkdale to monitor, maintain, effect repair of and/or facilitate operations of the Clarkdale Municipal Water Utility.
“Cross-connection” means any unprotected actual or potential connection or other arrangement of piping or fixtures between a piping system containing potable water and a piping system containing nonpotable water, waste fluids, industrial fluids, or any other fluids or substances of questionable safety for human consumption, through which, or because of which, backflow can or may cause contamination to occur into the potable water system.
“Customer” means the individual, partnership, business, or corporation in whose name the application for water service is made, and who is responsible for all transactions in regard to receiving water from the Town.
“Demand reductions” are all measures taken by the water utility to reduce the use of potable water in response to water drought or supply insufficiency conditions. Demand reduction includes measures which would restrict water further than a normal, conservation-minded desert lifestyle.
1. Water demand reduction during a drought may incorporate both voluntary measures and mandatory ones, such as curtailment of irrigation water use and, in extreme cases, rationing of available supplies. Many of the organizational demand management responses to a drought condition, including conservation measures, are appropriate for responding to a short-duration supply insufficiency. Generally, responses to a systemic failure will be more rapid and may omit intermediate steps normally associated with an incremental drought response plan.
2. It is evident that drought is not a constant or totally predictable condition in occurrence or duration. Rather, there are levels of drought and levels of drought impact and, therefore, levels of demand reduction response.
“Domestic water” means water that meets all of the criteria of the rules and regulations of the Arizona Department of Health Services or the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality, except for certain chemical parameters.
Drought. “Water drought” is a long period of abnormally low precipitation (rain or snow), especially one that adversely affects growing or living conditions. Water drought can be caused by seasonal or multi-year weather conditions, and is usually systemic and regional in nature and of indeterminable length.
“DWSPP” means drought and water shortage preparedness plan.
“Effluent” means outflow from a sewer treatment facility or sewage disposal system and remains effluent until it acquires the characteristics of groundwater or surface water. Effluent that is reused is treated to a quality suitable for nonpotable applications such as landscape irrigation, decorative water features, and nonfood crops.
Emergency Authority. The Utilities Director, or a certified operator acting under the direction of the Utilities Director, has the authority to make operational adjustments and/or changes to the potable water and reclaimed water system for the purpose of protecting the system from damage, maintaining water supply, or restoring the system to operation after a system failure.
“Even-numbered address” means any street address ending in zero (0), two (2), four (4), six (6) or eight (8).
“Fountain” means any fountain or water feature that is solely or partially used for decorative purposes.
“Good payment history” means no late payments in twelve (12) months of consecutive billing.
“Hearing officer” means an individual appointed by the Town Council for the purposes of hearing appeals from customers dissatisfied with decisions of the Town made under this chapter. In the event that the hearing officer may have a conflict of interest on an appeal, the hearing officer shall declare the conflict and remove himself from hearing the appeal. The Town Council shall then appoint a replacement hearing officer for that particular appeal.
“Irrigate” means to supply land or crops with water from the Town’s water system or a private well.
“Municipal water system” means the network of pipelines and other public water facilities maintained and operated by the Town.
“Odd-numbered address” means any street address ending in one (1), three (3), five (5), seven (7) or nine (9).
“Owner/developer” shall be deemed the individual, firm, corporation, partnership, association, syndication, trust or other legal entity that is responsible for creating a demand on the Town water facilities.
“Potable water” means water suitable for drinking or cooking purposes from both health and aesthetic considerations, and which meets the quality standards prescribed in the Safe Drinking Water Act, and which is approved for drinking purposes by the Town of Clarkdale Municipal Water Utility.
“Private water system” means any water system that delivers water to one (1) or more users and is not located in public rights-of-way or public easements, and is operated and maintained by the owner of the private water system.
“Reclaimed water” means recycled wastewater treated to improve its quality. Reclaimed water can serve in many capacities where it is unnecessary to use high-quality potable (or drinking) water.
“Safe production capability” means water resources available measured in gallons per day (GPD), based on seventy-five percent (75%) of available capacity.
“Service connection” means the terminal end of a service line from the Town’s water system at its point of delivery to the customer’s water supply system. If a meter is installed between the customer’s water supply system and the Town’s water system, the service connection shall end immediately downstream of the water meter and box. Service connections shall also include a water connection from a fire hydrant and any other temporary or emergency water connections with the Town water supply system.
“Supply insufficiency” occurs when water available in an area is not sufficient to meet immediate unrestricted demand. A supply insufficiency may be system-wide or very localized, and can be of relatively short duration. Supply insufficiencies can be caused by unforeseen increases in water demand, failure of a localized part of the storage or delivery system, water quality problems or any number of other natural or manmade situations that result in an inability to provide a sufficient, unrestricted supply of water.
“Surcharge” means to charge an additional fee, cost or levy to a Clarkdale Municipal Water Utility user for violation of any prohibition of the Town of Clarkdale drought and water shortage preparedness plan.
“Tenant” means a person that rents and occupies a house owned by another for a period of time.
“Town” means the Town of Clarkdale, Arizona.
“Unit of service” means each structure, group of structures, a portion of a structure, or real property that is served by a separate water meter.
“Wasting water” means to use or expend water thoughtlessly or carelessly. Examples include, but are not limited to, allowing water to run into the street/gutter, allowing water to pool, irrigating during precipitation events, and failing to repair water leaks. A representative of the Clarkdale Municipal Water Utility shall make the determination of wasting water.
“Water Conservation Enforcement Aide” means Town employees, working under the direction of the Utilities Director or his/her designee, charged with the responsibility of educating the public regarding the Town’s drought and water shortage preparedness plan, and enforcing water restrictions related thereto. The Water Conservation Enforcement Aide enforces compliance with the DWSPP by field inspections of perceived violations, verbally informing users of the DWSPP’s prohibitions, and by delivering written warnings and/or written surcharge notifications to users violating those prohibitions.
“Water demand reduction strategies” means an effort initiated to ensure the availability of adequate water resources for the future and in times of emergency.
“Water Division” means the Town of Clarkdale Water Division responsible for overseeing the activities of the municipal water system. The Town of Clarkdale Water Division is a division of the Town of Clarkdale Utility Department.
“Water service area” means the area of land actually served water by the municipal provider and additions to the area that contain the municipal provider’s operating distribution system for the delivery of water.
“Water system lines/water lines” means the same as distribution system lines.
“Water tap” means the physical connection into Town-owned water distribution system line.
“Water transmission mains” means the Town-owned water pipelines that transport water from the main supply or source to an area where the water is distributed through distribution mains.